Porsche 911 History
The Porsche 911 was born in 1963 and initially called the 901. Peugeot had laid claim to that moniker, so the new designator became the 911. The origin is based on the Porsche 356 with its fastback appearance and the air-cooled flat-six. In 1965 when Porsche ended the 356 line, a new 912 was created using the 356’s four-cylinder engine. It was intended to offer a more affordable version of the 911. In the same year, an upgraded 911, the Targa, came to market. This iteration offered a roll bar and removable windscreen for a full open-air feel.
1966 saw the release of the 911S, offering a 30-hp bump to reach 160. New Fuchs wheels, improved brakes, and chassis adjustments made it easier to the increased power. In 1970, the 911 2.2 made her debut with a 2.2-liter engine sporting aluminum lids and partially aluminum bumpers to decrease vehicle weight. Two more liters were added in 1972, allowing the 911 2.2S to produce 190 horsepower with a vehicle weight of only 2,315 pounds. These adjustments created an extremely agile and responsive 911 for the day.
The 10-Year Anniversary
In 1973, the Carrera RS was created for the FIA Group 4 class, offering a 2.7-liter engine that put out 210 horsepower and had mechanical fuel injection. But the most famous add was the ducktail spoiler. The following year, another liter was added to a total of 2.7, but the big release came in 1975 with the first 911 Turbo. Putting out 269hp from a 3.0-liter turbocharged engine, it became the fastest production car in Germany. In 1976 the 3.0 was replaced by a 2.7l engine to increase reliability, but that was replaced the following year with a 3.3 liter. The new 3.3l included an intercooler and laid down 296hp. With the intercooler addition, the rear end had to be redesigned, creating what is known as the tea-tray tail.
After Two Decades
The next significant change came in 1989 when a 3.6-liter engine found its way into the 964 Carrera. The following year, the 964 Turbo made an appearance, offering drivers 315hp of fun. 1992 was the only production year for the 964 Turbo S that offered a rousing 376hp in the roughly 80 cars produced. 1994 saw the only year of the 964 Turbo 3.6 with 360hp. And in 95, the last of the air-cooled 911s got a new smoother and more aero shape. The 3.6l Carrera produced 286hp and was offered for the first time with an optional six-speed manual transmission.
Life After 30
In 1995 the 993 became the first Porsche to use twin turbos and AWD as their standard fare. The 3.6l engine put out an impressive 400hp. In the coming years, the 911 would be modeled after the Le Mans vehicles both inside and out. In 2001 an ultra-aggressive 996 GT2 produced 476hp and had a top speed of 198 mpg. By 2005, the 996 Turbo S was hitting 450hp. In 2007, a zero-lift feature, thanks to a new aero package, was offered on the 415hp 997 GT3.
The Half Century Mark
In 2013, the 991 Carrera saw significant changes as the wheelbase and length increased. For her 50th birthday, she also featured the first torque vectoring system on a 911. In 2016, the 4.0l GT3 RS put out over 500hp and sports a huge wing to accommodate the newfound power. The 2018 GT2 RS broke into the 700hp realm with a twin-turbo flat-six making it all the car you need for any track in the world.
King of the Ring
The Nürburgring is located in Nurburg, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, and is the most famous motorsports complex in the world. “The Ring” has a deep, dark history in motorsports. It is one of the most complex, and unique tracks in the entire world with 154 turns and 1,000 ft in elevation changes. With a death toll of over 200 by 2004, it is clearly only fit for the most daring, skilled drivers in the world. The North Loop, more formally “Nordschleife”, is still used today for racing and testing the fastest production cars on the planet.
Porsche has always been the King of the Ring with five of the top ten fastest times as of 2021 with the four out of the five being 911s. Porsche 911 GT2 cars have dominated on the track since their first appearance in 1993 with the 993 generation of 911. The most sought after 911 GT2RS is the 997 GT2RS sold from 2007-2012. This generation featured two variable-geometry turbochargers to eliminate turbo lag while being the last generation of the GT2RS with a manual transmission. The 992 Porsche 911 GT2RS has yet to be released, but it is safe to say the King of the Ring will be on top once again.